How to change file permissions in WordPress

To protect your website from malicious activity, we recommend that you secure your WordPress files and folders by changing their file permissions. File permissions determine who can read, write, modify, and delete files or folders on your HostPapa server.

In this article, we’ll show you how to change file permissions in WordPress using an FTP client or the cPanel File Manager.

Changing file permissions using an FTP client

Many FTP client applications are available for Windows PCs, Macs, and Linux computers, and some are even free to download. Two popular options are FileZilla and CoreFTP.

  1. Open your FTP application and enter your HostPapa FTP server details. You can retrieve these credentials from your cPanel dashboard at My cPanel > FTP Accounts.

My cPanel

2. If you are using FileZilla, CoreFTP or Cyberduck FTP, you can download and import your FTP configuration details from the cPanel dashboard.

FTP Configuration

3. Once logged in, navigate to your WordPress folder. 

4. Right-click the folder and select File permissions

File permissions

5. HostPapa recommends that WordPress folder permissions be set to 755 and that files be set to 644.

6. Enter 755 in the Numeric Value field and ensure the box next to Recurse into subdirectories is checked.

7. Below, click the radio button next to Apply to directories only.

File permissions

8. Click OK to continue.

9. Enter the WordPress folder and look for your index.php file. 

10. Right-click the file and, once again, select File permissions

FTP menu

11. This time, set the Numeric Value to 644 and click OK.

File permissions

You can find out more about working with FTP in our Knowledge Base.

Changing file permissions using cPanel File Manager

Alternatively, you can use cPanel File Manager to change the file and folder permissions in your WordPress installation.

HostPapa Dashboard

  1. Log in to your HostPapa Dashboard.
  2. Select My cPanel.

My cPanel Menu

3. Select File Manager.


4. Right-click on your WordPress folder and select Change Permissions.

Change Permissions

5. Enter 755 in the Permission fields.

6. Click Change Permissions to continue.

File permissions

7. Double-click your WordPress folder and find the index.php file. 

8. Right-click the file and, once again, select Change Permissions.

9. Set the Permission value to 644 and click OK.

File permissions

If you need help with your HostPapa account, please open a support ticket from your dashboard.

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